The external resources identified in this section are selected works of scholars, higher education associations, and higher education or athletics administrators. If you have produced information or a study relevant to this topic that you would like to have posted, please go to the Contribute Content page to create a submission request. The Knight Commission on Intercollegiate Athletics does not necessarily endorse all of the recommendations or opinions expressed in these resources but supports engagement, dialogue and research by all stakeholders.
- The Student-Athletic, Academic Integrity and Intercollegiate Athletics. American Council on Education (ACE)
This paper recommends practices for aligning academic values, athletics programs. It recommends that intercollegiate athletics programs should be part of an institutional culture of integrity that stresses the primacy of the academic mission and ensures that student-athletes are first and foremost students in programs of higher education
- NCAA Division I Head Coach Academic Progress Rate database
Academic Progress Rate (APR) and employment data submitted by institutions for individual head coaches. The database is searchable by school, sport, year, and head coach first and last name.
- The Coalition on Intercollegiate Athletics (COIA)
The COIA is an alliance of 56 NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision university faculty senates whose aim is to promote comprehensive reform of intercollegiate sports.
- Academic Integrity in Intercollegiate Athletics: Principles, Rules, and Best Practices
1. This document was produced by the National Association of Academic Advisors for Athletics: Best Practices for Promoting and Maintaining a Culture of Student-Athlete Success, Accountability, and Academic Integrity. http://grfx.cstv.com/photos/schools/nacda/sports/nfoura/auto_pdf/2013-14/misc_non_event/N4AAcademicIntegrity.pdf
2. This document, adopted by COIA in 2005, is a collection of best practices and policy recommendations to the NCAA on five essential areas of athletic academic reform: (1) Admissions; (2) Scholarships; (3) Curricular Integrity; (4) Time Commitment, Missed Class Time, and Scheduling of Competitions; and (5) Policies Concerning the Office of Academic Advising for Athletes. http://www.knightcommission.org/images/pdfs/academicintegrityintercollegiateathletics.pdf
- NCAA Academic Reform Web site
This Web site provides detailed information developed to explain new academic requirements and new NCAA metrics designed to measure academic success – the Academic Progress Rate (APR) and Graduation Success Rate (GSR). Links on this page also provide access to databases that provide the APR and GSR for each Division I institution.
- NCAA Federal Graduation Rates Database
The NCAA records the graduation rates mandated by the government. These rates, known as the Federal Graduation Rates, are accessible by institution or in aggregate, from 1999 to the most current reporting year.
- “Keeping Score When It Counts: Graduation Rates and Academic Progress Rates (APR) for 2009 NCAA Men’s Division I Basketball Tournament Teams.”
The annual study examines the progress toward graduation for teams competing in the NCAA Division I men's basketbal tournement, as measured by Graduation Success Rates (GSR) and Academic Progress Rates (APR). The study includes a comparison of the academic performance of African‐American and White male basketball athletes.